During this time there were rising racial tensions in South Africa and the country was becoming more and more divided. The setting for this book is in multiple locations, first it starts off in a small rural town of Ndotsheni and then in Johannesburg. Black people during this time were only allowed unskilled jobs and had to carry a pass. Black people were living in an unequal and unjust society in South Africa while the whites lived well and oppressed the black, not everyone is guilty and not everyone is innocent.
When the Reverend Stephen Kumalo travels from his home in Ndotsheni to the capital city of Johannesburg to find his missing family members, he encounters a disintegration of tribal customs and family life.
Kumalo learns quickly that the whites, through the policy of apartheid, have disrupted African values and social order. He notes that city life leads to a demoralized lifestyle of poverty and crime for the natives.
Even the Reverend Theophilus Msimangu, a priest who offers his assistance to Kumalo, believes that this disintegration of social values cannot be mended.
As the land becomes divided and eroded, so, too, do the people who live on it. Because James Jarvis and Kumalo reach a shared responsibility for their actions and thoughts as they attempt to understand the loss of their sons, Alan Paton believes that the country of South Africa has hope for restoration of its values and order in its new generation, especially in the sons of Arthur Jarvis and Absalom Kumalo.
Cry, the Beloved Country is structured in three sections. Book 1 points to the erosion of the land as the people leave their native soil. This section focuses on the native soil of the blacks, Kumalo in particular.
It is difficult to maintain the beauty and fertility of the land when the tribal natives head for the promises of the city. The land, then, stands desolate. This deterioration is further illustrated in the shantytowns dishearteningly discovered by Kumalo as he enters Johannesburg.
The opening lines are repeated in chapter 18, which begins book 2. The land is not depleted, but well tended. The openness and vitality of the land offer a sheer contrast to the depiction contained in book 1. The third section holds a twofold purpose. Chapter 30 brings to light the drought that covers the land of Ndotsheni.
Subsequently, this is assisted by a brewing rainstorm and, most notably, by the generosity of James Jarvis, who hires an agricultural demonstrator to ready plans for tillage. Stylistically, Paton parallels character to character and action to action to dramatize the social ills of South Africa and its native people, while contrasting these vivid portraits to the lives of the white South Africans.
The safe, calm village life of Kumalo and the farm life of Jarvis parallel the city life in Johannesburg, a city of evil, corruption, and moral inequities for both blacks and whites.
Each father must come to terms with a loss. Paton allows this parallel to function in two ways: Paralleling, then, is more than just a structural device, but rather a focus on the issue of race relations in South Africa.
Paton uses unique literary techniques to enhance the poignancy of his themes. He employs intercalary chapters to dramatize the historical setting of the novel. Paton also uses dashes to indicate dialogue, allowing not only for the realistic portrayal of conversation, but also for the rapid dramatic actions among characters.
This simple literary technique generates the movement of plot and points directly to the language. Diction remains simple, yet eloquent in its delivery by the various characters. Kumalo speaks in a mildly solemn language emphasizing his ecclesiastic background; the Reverend Msimangu often speaks in an oratory fashion to proclaim his views.
· Cry, The Beloved Country, Alan Paton Cry, the Beloved Country is a novel by Alan Paton, published in In the remote village of Ndotsheni, in the Natal province of eastern South Africa, the Reverend Stephen Kumalo receives a letter from a fellow minister summoning him to tranceformingnlp.com://tranceformingnlp.com · Cry, The Beloved Country Alan Paton Organizational Patterns: This book is divided into three books or sections.
The first book follows the focal character of Stephen Kumalo, a black preacher from Ndotsheni as he goes to Johannesburg to search for his son and sister. The second follows the storyline of tranceformingnlp.com tranceformingnlp.com · THE RACIAL DIVIDE IN ALAN PATON’S ‘CRY, THE BELOVED COUNTRY’ By Lisbern Shawn Fernandes, EG, Commonwealth Literature (Ms.
Nafisa Oliviera) Arguably, the most dominant thematic current in Alan Paton‟s „Cry, the Beloved Country‟ is the issue of racial divide between the South African Whites and tranceformingnlp.com Cry, the Beloved Country by Alan Paton Words | 5 Pages.
Alan Paton who was a South African author and anti-apartheid activist wrote the novel Cry, the Beloved Country, The novel publication in was just before South Africa institutionalized racial segregation under Apartheid. Overall, Cry, the Beloved Country is the story of a white man and a black man who came together to fix a tragic situation.
Not only was the land wasting away, but the people and the tribal culture was as well. Thesis Statement In Cry, the Beloved Country by Alan Paton, the author utilized powerful symbolism, poetic diction, and biblical allusionstranceformingnlp.com Summer Reading: Cry, the Beloved Country by Alan Paton Main Characters 1.
Stephan Kumalo/umfundisi, a humble reverend from the village of Ndotsheni. 2. James Jarvis, 3. Msimangu, Stephan Kumalos host and guide in Johannesburg who has great understand of South Africa's problems.
4. Absalom Kumalo, ran of to Johannesburg and soon goes tranceformingnlp.com://tranceformingnlp.com