Here we detail about the nine major causes responsible for regional imbalances in India.
It is called a melting pot of various castes, creeds and communities.
Social and economic inequalities have existed in India from the ancient past and are still continuing today in varying degrees. The Britishers ruled India for nearly two centuries during which they fully exploited its resources, destroyed the self- sufficiency of villages and drained the economy of its wealth.
There was no industry worth the name, agriculture was primitive, the services were almost absent, finance was difficult to get, capital formation was slow, and the rate of saving and investment was dismal.
The founding fathers of the nation had a great task in their hands-creating infrastructure that will pave the way for development. After making India as a republic, a programme of planned development was launched in the country through Five-Year Plans. Certain tasks were taken up on a priority India s regional disparities essay as establishing basic industries so that the dependence on imports could be reduced.
Alleviation of poverty has been the major task of all policies and planning. But still about 20 million people live below the poverty line. This bears testimony to the fact that economic disparities still exist in India despite high GDP growth of the economy.
India has a population of above one billion a low percentage of this population-which may be called the upper strata-are the elites who are very rich. They enjoy every luxury on the earth.
This class includes big business houses, top management people in hi-fi companies, exporters, bureaucrats, politicians and kith and kin of rich families.
Below them in the economic hierarchy are the upper-middle class people who are leading a decent life and have landed prosperity and other possessions. Then there is the lower middle class who includes workers, employees, shopkeepers, small traders, agriculturists who are able to make both ends meet.
They do not enjoy the luxuries of life but have the basic amenities of food, clothing and shelter. Also they have to work hard to earn their living.
On the lowest rung of society in the economic point of view are those who are the poorest of the poor. They have no regular sources of earning their livings. Included in this class are casual labourers, tribal people, refugees, displaced people, some of the slum dwellers and nomads.
They are poor, deprived and destitutes. The number of people in this class is, however, reducing because of economic development of the country. It is a disturbing fact that the economic development in India has not been broadbased.
There are regional disparities, viz. Industry, agriculture and services network in these states are adequate. The incidence of poverty in these states is low.
On the other hand, there are the BIMARU States of Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh where industry is not properly established; agriculture is orthodoxic; infrastructure is poor; education, health care, transportation, marketing facilities are inadequate.
The population of these states is more and is increasing at a fast rate. Although the conditions in these states are also improving, some parts thereof remain extremely poor. The incidence of poverty is high in these states. There is a rural and urban divide in India.
While the cities are developing fast on all major parameters, the villages remain backward. They have become centres of trade, hospitality industry, education, tourism, government offices and private companies offering great opportunities for employment. The transportation and communication and housing systems are good.
More and more people migrate to these cities from nearby areas to seek better opportunities for education and employment. The villages are deficient in almost every sense.
There are no schools, hospitals, banks, markets in wide areas covering several villages. There are no industries or other offices and hence no opportunities for employment accept as casual labour in odd jobs and agriculture.
Even methods of agriculture in most of the villages remain old. People barely manage to subsist. There is still a great difference between a city-dweller and a villager.India is a vast country endowed with rich resources, relief features and biodiversity.
Words Essay on Social and Economic Inequalities in India. Article shared by. There are regional disparities, viz.
some regions are much more developed than others which remain backward. States like Punjab, Haryana, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra. Here we detail about the nine major causes responsible for regional imbalances in India. 1. Regional Disparities in India: Top 8 Indicators. Comments are closed.
Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Content Guidelines 2. Nair, K.R.G. () - Regional Experience in a Developing Economy, New Delhi, Wiley Eastern Ltd. Rao, Hemlata () - Identification of Backward Regions and the Study of Trends in Regional Disparities in India, Paper presented at the Seminar on Regional Imbalances: Problems and Policies at Indian Institute of Public Administration, New Delhi.
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