Agence France Press reported in Novembercovering an article from the famous investigative journalist, Seymour Hersh.
A threat to human existence Steven Starr, PSR, University of Missouri Abstract A tiny fraction of the operational nuclear arsenals, if detonated within large cities, would generate enough smoke to cause catastrophic disruptions of the global climate  and massive destruction of the protective stratospheric ozone layer.
Much of this smoke would rapidly be lofted above cloud level, into the stratosphere, where it would block warming sunlight from reaching the lower atmosphere and surface of the Earth. Sunlight would then markedly heat the upper atmosphere and cause massive destruction of the protective ozone layer, while darkness below would produce average surface temperatures on Earth characteristic of those experienced during an Ice Age.
However inresearchers using modern computer models found the smoke would form a global stratospheric smoke layer that would last for ten years. In other words, a nuclear war fought between such nations as India and Pakistan would produce enough smoke to make the blue skies of Earth appear grey.
Although the amount of sunlight blocked by this smoke would not produce the profound darkening of the Earth predicted in a nuclear winter following a nuclear war fought with thousands of strategic nuclear weaponsthe deadly climate change created by the regional conflict would likely have devastating global effects upon all human populations through its negative influence upon agriculture.
The studies predicted the nuclear explosions would kill 20 million people in the war zone, the equivalent to half of all the people who died during World War II.
The conflict would also significantly disrupt global climate. Up to 5 million tons of smoke from burning cities would quickly rise above cloud level into the stratosphere, and within 2 weeks would form a global stratospheric smoke layer which would remain in place for about 10 years.
Average surface temperatures beneath the smoke would become colder than any experienced during the last years. Global nuclear famine is the predicted result of this scenario. As many as one billion people could die during the years subsequent to the deadly climate change created by this level of nuclear conflict.
Loss of warming sunlight creates the coldest average surface temperatures on Earth in the last years. The combined decreases in average temperature, precipitation, sunlight and stratospheric ozone would act to significantly shorten growing seasons and reduce agricultural production for several years.
Conditions would then slowly return to normal over a period of about a decade. Given that world grain reserves are now only adequate to sustain human populations for about 30 to 50 days, it is likely that prolonged and severe food shortages will result from such drastic changes in global climate.
Those human populations already living at the verge of starvation and dependent upon imported food supplies will be at extreme risk of famine and starvation if grain exports from North America and Eurasia are suddenly halted by Ice Age weather conditions.
It has been estimated that up to 1 billion people could starve to death following this regional nuclear conflict. Credits The smoke images were created by Dr. Luke Oman of Rutgers University and are reproduced with his permission.
Likewise, no studies using modern climate models have yet been done to assess ozone depletion following larger nuclear conflicts fought with high-yield strategic nuclear weapons. A large fraction of these strategic weapons are kept on high-alert status inmore than U.
Daily minimum temperatures would fall below freezing in the largest agricultural areas of the Northern Hemisphere for a period of between one to three years. Average global surface temperatures would become colder than those experienced 18, years ago at the height of the last Ice Age.
Catastrophic climatic effects lasting for many years would occur in regions far removed from the target areas or the countries involved in the conflict. Surface Air Temperature degree C changes averaged for June, July, and August in the year after million tons of black smoke forms a global stratospheric smoke layer.
Northern Hemisphere average surface air temperatures during the last years contrasted with forecast temperature drops from a range of nuclear conflicts. Deadly climate change caused by a war fought with the strategic nuclear arsenals of the U. Yet neither the U. Nations with nuclear weapons should be required to create Environmental Impact Statements on the likely results of the detonation of their arsenals in conflict.
This discussion must include the dangers posed by the nuclear arsenals of all nations, including those in the U. A failure to recognize and describe the omnicidal potential of strategic nuclear arsenals will prevent the abolition discussion from developing the sense of urgency needed to bring about fundamental change in the nuclear status quo.
The nuclear weapons which are kept ready for virtually instant use constitute a well-maintained self-destruct mechanism for the human race.
What political or national goals can possibly justify the existence of such a threat?
It is imperative that they renounce the first use of nuclear weapons, stand-down their high-alert nuclear forces which make accidental nuclear war possible through launch-on-warning postures and dismantle the tens of thousands of nuclear weapons in their active and reserve arsenals.The War of All the People: The Nexus of Latin American Radicalism and Middle Eastern Terrorism [Jon B.
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The act . Deadly Climate Change From Nuclear War: A threat to human existence Steven Starr, PSR, University of Missouri Abstract. A tiny fraction of the operational nuclear arsenals, if detonated within large cities, would generate enough smoke to cause catastrophic disruptions of the global climate and massive destruction of the protective stratospheric ozone layer.
Nov 22, · Get the latest international news and world events from Asia, Europe, the Middle East, and more. See world news photos and videos at tranceformingnlp.com The cold war was a military stand-off between two sets of nuclear armed nations.
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