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Biography[ edit ] Giddens was born and raised in Edmonton, Londonand grew up in a lower-middle-class family, son of a clerk with London Transport ; he attended Minchenden School.
Inhe started working at the University of Leicester where he taught social psychology. At Leicester — considered to be one of the seedbeds of British sociology — he met Norbert Elias and began to work on his own theoretical position.
He is cofounder of Polity Press He has been a vocal participant in British political debates, supporting the centre-left Labour Party with media appearances and articles many of which are published in the New Statesman. Giddens also holds over 15 honorary degrees from various universities,  including recently honorary degrees from Jagiellonian Universitythe University of South Australiaand Goldsmiths, University of London He has written commentaries on most leading schools and figures and has used most sociological paradigms in both micro and macrosociology.
His textbook, Sociology, first published inis currently in its eighth edition. Giddens took a stance against the then-dominant structural functionalism represented by Talcott Parsonsas well as criticising evolutionism and historical materialism. In Capitalism and Modern Social Theoryhe examined the work of Weber, Durkheim and Marxarguing that despite their different approaches each was concerned with the link between capitalism and social life.
Giddens emphasised the social constructs of powermodernity and institutions, defining sociology as: Giddens is closer to Weber than Durkheim, but in his analysis he rejects both of those approaches, stating that while society is not a collective realitynor should the individual be treated as the central unit of analysis.
Social order is therefore a result of some pre-planned social actions, not automatic evolutionary response. Sociologists, unlike natural scientistshave to interpret a social world which is already interpreted by the actors that inhabit it.
According to Giddens there is a " Duality of structure " by which social practice, which is the principal unit of investigation, has both a structural and an agency-component.
The structural environment constrains individual behaviour, but also makes it possible. He also noted the existence of a specific form of a social cycle: Because social actors are reflexive and monitor the ongoing flow of activities and structural conditions, they adapt their actions to their evolving understandings.
As a result, social scientific knowledge of society will actually change human activities. Giddens calls this two-tiered, interpretive and dialectical relationship between social scientific knowledge and human practices the " double hermeneutic ".
Giddens also stressed the importance of power, which is means to ends, and hence is directly involved in the actions of every person.
Power, the transformative capacity of people to change the social and material world, is closely shaped by knowledge and space-time. Giddens specifically wrote  that: The production and reproduction of society thus has to be treated as a skilled performance on the part of its members.
The realm of human agency is bounded. Individuals produce society, but they do so as historically located actors, and not under conditions of their own choosing. Structures must be conceptualised not only as constraints upon human agency, but also as enablers.
Processes of structuration involve an interplay of meanings, norms and power. Immersion in a form of life is the necessary and only means whereby an observer is able to generate such characterisations.
Sociological concepts thus obey a double hermeneutic.
In sum, the primary tasks of sociological analysis are the following: He eschews extreme positions, arguing that although people are not entirely free to choose their own actions, and their knowledge is limited, they nonetheless are the agency which reproduces the social structure and leads to social change.
His ideas find an echo in the philosophy of the modernist poet Wallace Stevens who suggests that we live in the tension between the shapes we take as the world acts upon us, and the ideas of order that our imagination imposes upon the world.We will write a custom essay sample on A Critical Analysis of Anthony Giddens’ “Runaway World” specifically for you to the emphasis he places on radical conservatism in confronting the issues that may arise as a result of the globalization process.
Giddens argues that since globalization has enabled the merging of nation . Anthony Giddens's account of social modernity gives prominence to the process of globalization.
This article examines one specific aspect of Giddens's discussion of global modernity: his claim that `although everyone lives a local life, phenomenal worlds for the most part are truly global'.
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Anthony Giddens, Baron Giddens (born 18 January ) is a British sociologist who is known for his theory of structuration and his holistic view of modern societies.
He is considered to be one of the most prominent modern sociologists, the author of at least 34 books, published in at least 29 languages, issuing on average more than one book.