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Some have supposed that "there may originally have been two separate figures, one called something like Odysseus, the other something like Ulixes, who were combined into one complex personality. The etymology of the name is unknown.
In the Iliad and Odyssey there are several further epithets used to describe Odysseus. It has also been suggested that the name is of non-Greek origin, possibly not even Indo-Europeanwith an unknown etymology. Beekes has suggested a Pre-Greek origin.
Hence, Odysseus was the great-grandson of the Olympian god Hermes. According to the Iliad and Odyssey, his father is Laertes  and his mother Anticleaalthough there was a non-Homeric tradition   that Sisyphus was his true father.
Two stories in particular are well known: When Helen is abducted, Menelaus calls upon the other suitors to honour their oaths and help him to retrieve her, an attempt that leads to the Trojan War. Odysseus tries to avoid it by feigning lunacy, as an oracle had prophesied a long-delayed return home for him if he went.
He hooks a donkey and an ox to his plow as they have different stride lengths, hindering the efficiency of the plow and some modern sources add starts sowing his fields with salt. Odysseus veers the plow away from his son, thus exposing his stratagem. Odysseus and other envoys of Agamemnon travel to Scyros to recruit Achilles because of a prophecy that Troy could not be taken without him.
Odysseus cleverly discovers which among the women before him is Achilles when the youth is the only one of them to show interest in examining the weapons hidden among an array of adornment gifts for the daughters of their host.
Odysseus arranges further for the sounding of a battle horn, which prompts Achilles to clutch a weapon and show his trained disposition. Along with Nestor and Idomeneus he is one of the most trusted counsellors and advisors.
When Agamemnon, to test the morale of the Achaeans, announces his intentions to depart Troy, Odysseus restores order to the Greek camp. Along with two other envoys, he is chosen in the failed embassy to try to persuade Achilles to return to combat. Telamonian Ajaxhowever, is the volunteer who eventually fights Hector.
Odysseus aids Diomedes during the night operations to kill Rhesusbecause it had been foretold that if his horses drank from the Scamander RiverTroy could not be taken.
Eventually and reluctantlyhe consents. During the funeral games for PatroclusOdysseus becomes involved in a wrestling match and foot race with Ajax "The Lesser," son of Oileus. The two are not only foils in the abstract but often opposed in practice since they have many duels and run-ins.
According to some, Odysseus never forgives Palamedes for unmasking his feigned madness and plays a part in his downfall.Mar 08, · Odyssey Telemachus Essay; Odyssey Telemachus Essay. The Force of Women in The Odyssey Maturity is a key theme during the journeys of Telemachus and Odysseus.
In Homer’s Odyssey the journeys of Telemachus and Odysseus have many similarities and differences such as their common goal and the lessons they learn; and only by overcoming. The Maturation of Telemachus In the first book of Homer 's The Odyssey, we are introduced to Odysseus ' son, Telemachus.
It is here we learn of Odysseus ' troubles and the situation regarding his estate and those who are presently inhabiting it. Telemachus (/ t ə ˈ l ɛ m ə k ə s / tə-LEM-ə-kəs; Greek: Τηλέμαχος, Tēlemakhos, literally "far-fighter") is a figure in Greek mythology, the son of Odysseus and Penelope, and .
Odysseus - The protagonist of the Odyssey. Odysseus fought among the other Greek heroes at Troy and now struggles to return to his kingdom in Ithaca.
Odysseus is the husband of Queen Penelope and the father of Prince Telemachus. As the epic opens, Telemachus, about 21 years old, is on the brink of manhood, uncertain and insecure in his potential power, and in grave danger from the suitors who would prefer to see him dead. Telemachus initially asserts himself by calling an assembly of Ithaca's leaders in order to protest the suitors' activities.
One tradition says Odysseus convinces a Trojan captive to write a letter pretending to be from Palamedes. A sum of gold is mentioned to have been sent as a reward for Palamedes' treachery.
Homer's Iliad and Odyssey portray Odysseus as a culture hero, The next day Odysseus and Telemachus visit the country farm of his old father Laërtes.